|Pharoah Akhenaten ruled in Dynasty XVIII,|
about 3400 years ago, and was quite the liberal.
King Tut is today's most famous pharaoh, but according to ancient art expert Sam Merrin of the Merrin Gallery, it's because of the pristine condition of his surviving tomb, which was discovered by archeologists in 1922. For his time, Tutankhamun wasn't anything special, and ruled ancient Egypt only for nine years.
However, what's special about Akhenaten is that he was the first pharaoh to denounce polytheism. The most evident characteristic that typifies these artworks to his new, monotheistic reign is that both are presented in a modern, state-of-the-art manner.
Akhenaten's figure is made to be cartoon-like. His outline is clearly defined through engraved lines, much like in many of today's comic books (with black ink).
|Sunk relief of Akhenaten, where he is presented|
in a comical manner.
The pharaoh himself is physically elongated and certain comical features are exceptionally defined. His body appears feminine in contrast to his predecessors: hulking embodiments of pharaonic male-mass.
These were idealized and made to appear godly, and overall stiff in appearance and also in the sense that they adhered to rigid social norms.
The liberal, pharaoh Akhenaten is also known as Akhenaton or Ikhnaton.